Reports

Homeland Security: DHS's Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Program Consolidation Efforts

In 2013, Congress directed the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to review its weapons of mass destruction programs, including the consolidation of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosive mission functions. The Government Accountability Office reviewed DHS consolidation planning documents, interviewed relevant officials, and obtained selected updated information on DHS planning efforts.

View Full Report

Outbreak Response and Incident Management: SHEA Guidance and Resources for Healthcare Epidemiologists in United States Acute-Care Hospitals

This expert guidance document was developed as a resource to provide healthcare epidemiologists working in acute-care hospitals with a high-level overview of incident management for infectious disease outbreaks and to prepare them to work within an emergency response framework.

View Full Report

Natural Disasters of 2017: Congressional Considerations Related to FEMA Assistance

This insight provides a short overview of issues Congress may consider in its oversight of the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) federal assistance during the 2017 hurricane season (e.g., Harvey, Irma, and Maria) and other disasters (e.g., fires in California).

View Full Report

Mass Violence and Behavioral Health

This report focuses on how mass violence affects the behavioral health of adult and young (child and adolescent) survivors or witnesses of a mass violence incident. Public health, behavioral health, and emergency management professionals can use information provided to improve their disaster behavioral health preparedness plans.

View Full Report

Wildfire Management Funding: Background, Issues, and FY2018 Appropriations

This report provides an overview of the accounts that fund wildfire management activities and historical wildfire management appropriations data, as well as information on FY2018 appropriations. 

View Full Report

Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Risk Assessments Inform Owner and Operator Protection Efforts and Departmental Strategic Planning

The U.S. Government Accountability Office was asked to review the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) risk assessment practices for critical infrastructure. This report describes: (1) DHS’s risk assessment practices in 3 of 16 critical infrastructure sectors and private sector representatives’ views on the utility of this risk information; and (2) how this risk information influences DHS’s strategic planning and private sector outreach.

View Full Report

The Opioid Epidemic – From Evidence to Impact

This report contains specific, proven recommendations for how to most effectively combat the opioid epidemic. Topics include the following: allowing physicians to more effectively treat those suffering from addiction; expanding coverage and accessibility of opioid overdose reversal drugs like naloxone; and changing the way healthcare professionals, employers, and advocates talk about addiction to reduce stigma. 

View Full Report

Wildfire Suppression Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 115th Congress

This report provides background information and analysis of federal funding for wildfire suppression operations. The report provides a discussion of the issues facing Congress and concludes by summarizing several legislative proposals under consideration by the 115th Congress. 

View Full Report

2017 National Preparedness Report

The Federal Emergency Management Agency released the 2017 National Preparedness Report, which summarizes U.S. progress toward reaching the National Preparedness Goal of having a secure and resilient nation. The 2017 report identified 30 key findings across the Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery mission areas, describing the progress made during 2016 to advance national preparedness. 

View Full Report

Federal Efforts to Develop Biological Threat Awareness

This report describes: (1) the types of actions that key federal agencies have taken to develop biological threat awareness, and how that information is used to support investment decisions; (2) the extent to which these agencies have developed shared threat awareness; and (3) the Department of Homeland Security’s National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center’s process for determining which additional threat characterization knowledge to pursue.

View Full Report