Reports

Wildfire Management Funding: Background, Issues, and FY2018 Appropriations

This report provides an overview of the accounts that fund wildfire management activities and historical wildfire management appropriations data, as well as information on FY2018 appropriations. 

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Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Risk Assessments Inform Owner and Operator Protection Efforts and Departmental Strategic Planning

The U.S. Government Accountability Office was asked to review the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) risk assessment practices for critical infrastructure. This report describes: (1) DHS’s risk assessment practices in 3 of 16 critical infrastructure sectors and private sector representatives’ views on the utility of this risk information; and (2) how this risk information influences DHS’s strategic planning and private sector outreach.

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The Opioid Epidemic – From Evidence to Impact

This report contains specific, proven recommendations for how to most effectively combat the opioid epidemic. Topics include the following: allowing physicians to more effectively treat those suffering from addiction; expanding coverage and accessibility of opioid overdose reversal drugs like naloxone; and changing the way healthcare professionals, employers, and advocates talk about addiction to reduce stigma. 

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Wildfire Suppression Spending: Background, Issues, and Legislation in the 115th Congress

This report provides background information and analysis of federal funding for wildfire suppression operations. The report provides a discussion of the issues facing Congress and concludes by summarizing several legislative proposals under consideration by the 115th Congress. 

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2017 National Preparedness Report

The Federal Emergency Management Agency released the 2017 National Preparedness Report, which summarizes U.S. progress toward reaching the National Preparedness Goal of having a secure and resilient nation. The 2017 report identified 30 key findings across the Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery mission areas, describing the progress made during 2016 to advance national preparedness. 

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Federal Efforts to Develop Biological Threat Awareness

This report describes: (1) the types of actions that key federal agencies have taken to develop biological threat awareness, and how that information is used to support investment decisions; (2) the extent to which these agencies have developed shared threat awareness; and (3) the Department of Homeland Security’s National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center’s process for determining which additional threat characterization knowledge to pursue.

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2016 National Network of Fusion Centers Final Report

The Department of Homeland Security conducts the annual fusion center assessment to provide a comprehensive picture of the performance of the National Network of Fusion Centers, helps measure the effectiveness of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) grant funding, and guides partners to invest in mission areas with the greatest potential benefit to the entire homeland. 

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Hurricane Season Public Health Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Guidance for Health Care Providers, Response and Recovery Workers, and Affected Communities-CDC, 2017

To help protect the health and safety of the public, responders, and cleanup workers during response and recovery operations from hurricanes and floods, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry have developed public health guidance and other resources.

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Disaster Debris Management: Requirements, Challenges, and Federal Agency Roles

This report focuses on the requirements applicable to disaster debris management and the challenges that communities face when attempting to manage debris both quickly and safely. This report also provides an overview of the types of support provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the Environmental Protection Agency with respect to disaster debris removal. 

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Recommendations on Selection and Use of Personal Protective Equipment and Decontamination Products for First Responders Against Exposure Hazards to Synthetic Opioids, Including Fentanyl and Fentanyl Analogues

Increased illicit use of opioids, including synthetic opioids such as fentanyl and its analogue carfentanil, is a source of increased risk to responders. This document establishes guidance for personal protective equipment selection and use, decontamination, detection, and medical countermeasures for first responders who may be exposed to opioids in the course of their occupational activities.

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