Reports

Prioritizing Zoonotic Diseases for Multisectoral, One Health Collaboration in the United States

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of the Interior, and U.S. Department of Agriculture have released the first federal collaborative report listing the top zoonotic diseases of national concern for the United States, including recommendations for next steps.  Zoonotic diseases are illnesses that can spread between animals and people.

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Vaccine Platforms: State of the Field and Looming Challenges

The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security conducted a project aimed to develop a state-of-the-art conceptual understanding of various vaccine platform technologies, with special attention on how they may speed development of vaccines for global catastrophic biologic risks and emerging infectious disease outbreaks. This report describes major scientific and policy issues related to platforms and how they are understood in government, academia, and industry. It also provides recommendations aimed at helping realize the potential benefits of vaccine platform technologies.

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Supply Chain Resilience Guide

In recent years, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have engaged with state, local, tribal, and territorial partners, private sector, civic sector, and the academic community in a series of innovative interactions to enhance supply chain resilience. This guide reflects the issues explored and the lessons learned from this process. The guide is designed to help emergency managers at every level think through the challenge and opportunity presented by supply chain resilience.

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Weapons of Mass Distraction: Foreign State-Sponsored Disinformation in the Digital Age

A growing number of states, in the pursuit of geopolitical ends, are leveraging digital tools and social media networks to spread narratives, distortions, and falsehoods to shape public perceptions and undermine trust in the truth. An effective response to this challenge requires understanding the converging factors of technology, media, and human behaviors. This interdisciplinary review attempts to shed light on these converging factors, as well as the challenges and opportunities moving forward. 

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NTHMP Tsunami Information Guide

The purpose of the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) Tsunami Information Guide is to serve as a general resource for information about tsunamis in the United States. It is written for anyone who wants to know more about tsunamis, the U.S. Tsunami Warning System, and how to prepare for tsunamis. 

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Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security 2018 Annual Report

The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security works to protect people’s health from the consequences of epidemics and disasters and ensure that communities are resilient to major challenges. This annual report shares some of the center’s past milestones and highlights their current work.

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MCMi Program Update – FY 2018

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) plays a critical role in protecting the U.S. from chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN), and emerging infectious disease threats such as pandemic influenza and Zika virus. FDA is responsible for reviewing the safety and effectiveness of medical countermeasures (MCMs)—including drugs, therapeutic biologics, vaccines, and devices, such as diagnostic tests—to counter these threats. This is the FDA’s fiscal year 2018 report detailing its MCM activities. 

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Emerging Health and Safety Issues Among Women in the Fire Service

The U.S. Fire Administration convened a symposium in 1994 to identify health and safety issues among women in the fire service and create recommendations for action. This report discusses recommendations from the 1994 symposium that continue to relate to health and safety issues among women fire fighters today. 

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Harnessing Multilateral Financing for Health Security Preparedness

The economic consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks can be enormous. Upgrading countries’ preparedness is relatively inexpensive and affordable. The financing gap for preparedness is one of the starkest problems in health security, especially among low-income and lower-middle-income countries. The World Bank Group’s International Development Association 2019 replenishment presents a choice opportunity to make adjustments that reflect important emerging priorities. 

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Fire as a Weapon: Security Awareness for Soft Targets and Crowded Places

The use of fire as a weapon is consistently reflected in terrorist propaganda. The use of fire does not require sophisticated planning or capability by an attacker, which makes this an attractive method to cause harm to people and property. The use of fire as a weapon is unpredictable and may have few observable indicators. However, careful attention to warning signs could aid in mitigating a potential incident.

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